Infertility affects up to 15% of couples. You may receive an infertility diagnosis if you can’t get pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse if you’re under 35, or after six months if you’re over 35, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Infertility has many possible causes. Here at Albany Obstetrics & Gynecology, we work with you and your partner to investigate all of the possible reasons you may be having trouble conceiving. Once we determine a potential cause, we help guide you toward treatment options that may make pregnancy possible.
Our care providers would like to share the following information with you about the most common causes of infertility.
If you think infertility is only due to health problems in women, you’re wrong. According to RESOLVE, the National Infertility Association, approximately 30% of infertility is due to male factors, and 30% is due to female factors. The rest is caused by problems in both partners or has no apparent cause, which is known as unexplained infertility.
Some of the more common causes of infertility in women include:
A woman may have trouble getting pregnant if she has structural problems with her ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, or other reproductive organs.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Women with PCOS may not ovulate regularly because of hormone disorders. However, treatment can help many women with PCOS get pregnant.
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue from inside a woman’s uterus grows in places where it shouldn’t, such as her ovaries or fallopian tubes. Endometrial scarring can interfere with conception or a healthy pregnancy.
Also known as premature ovarian insufficiency, early menopause can occur before age 40.
Some of the more common causes of infertility in men include:
These are problems with the structure of the male reproductive system. For example, a man may have blockages that prevent sperm from getting where it needs to go.
Low sperm count
If a man doesn’t produce enough sperm, he and his partner may not be able to conceive a baby. A common cause of low sperm counts are varicoceles, which are enlarged veins in the testicles that can often be surgically repaired.
The inability to ejaculate properly can make it difficult for sperm to travel in a normal way and reach the egg.
Female and male factors
A couple may have trouble conceiving if either or both of them:
- Abuse alcohol
- Use certain illegal drugs
- Take certain medications
- Have some types of genetic or hormone disorders
- Have unmanaged medical conditions
- Received certain types of cancer treatment
Get help for your infertility
The good news is that many types of male and female infertility can be successfully treated.
Our specialists at Albany Obstetrics & Gynecology in Albany, New York, offer a full range of diagnostic and treatment services for couples with infertility. To schedule an appointment with one of our providers, call our office at 518-516-6726 or use our contact form to reach us.